Employer-based health plans, health insurance issuers, and other group health plans should begin preparing to report prescription drug and health coverage costs data for prescription drugs covered by their programs after December 31, 2021 required by an interim final rule with request for comments issued by the Departments of Health and Human Services (HHS), Labor, the Treasury (collectively, the Departments), and the Office of Personnel Management today. Since the new rule requires covered plans and insurers to report data for prescription expenditures in 2020 and 2021 by December 27, 2022 and annually thereafter, covered plans and insurers will want complete the necessary arrangements to collect the data as soon as possible to minimize the cost and burdens of collecting and preparing the reports required at the end of the year.
The new “Prescription Drug and Health Care Spending Interim Final Rule with Request for Comments, is the fourth rule in a series that the Departments are issuing to implement the Title I (the “No Surprises Act”) of Division BB of the Consolidated Appropriations Act (CAA), 2021.
The rule requires health plans, health insurance issuers offering group or individual health insurance coverage, and health benefits plans offered to federal employees to submit key data to the Departments, which will work through the HHS Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) to publish a report on prescription drug pricing trends and rebates, as well as their impact on premiums and consumers’ out-of-pocket costs.
The interim final rule also requires plans and health insurers to provide the Departments with an annual overview of their top 50 drugs across key areas of concern annually, including:
- General information regarding the plan or coverage;
- Enrollment and premium information, including average monthly premiums paid by employees versus employers;
- Total health care spending, broken down by type of cost (hospital care; primary care; specialty care; prescription drugs; and other medical costs, including wellness services), including prescription drug spending by enrollees versus employers and issuers;
- The 50 most frequently dispensed brand prescription drugs;
- The 50 costliest prescription drugs by total annual spending;
- The 50 prescription drugs with the greatest increase in plan or coverage expenditures from the previous year;
- Prescription drug rebates, fees, and other remuneration paid by drug manufacturers to the plan or issuer in each therapeutic class of drugs, as well as for each of the 25 drugs that yielded the highest amount of rebates; and
- The impact of prescription drug rebates, fees, and other remuneration on premiums and out-of-pocket costs.
The rule provides that plan sponsors, issuers, and FEHB carriers generally will be required to submit this information aggregated at the state/market level, rather than separately for each plan. To ensure that the Departments and Office of Personnel Management are able to conduct meaningful data analysis and identify prescription drug trends, the rule also provides uniform standards and definitions, including for identifying prescription drugs regardless of the dosage strength, package size, or mode of delivery.
A CMS fact sheet published along with the rule Shares more details about how data will be collected and analyzed and other information on the data submission requirements.
The new data submission requirements will apply starting with data from the 2020 calendar year. However, the Departments are deferring enforcement of the new requirements until December 27, 2022, to give regulated entities time to come into compliance. This means the required information for 2020 and 2021 is due by December 27, 2022, although it may be submitted sooner.
The extended deadline for reporting is the result of an exercise of discretion by the Departments. Technically, the CAA requires plans and issuers to begin submitting the required information to the Departments by December 27, 2021, and to submit this information by June 1 of each year thereafter. However, the Departments are exercising discretion to provide temporary deferral of enforcement with regard to the December 27, 2021 and June 1, 2022 deadlines. Consequently, the Departments say they will not initiate enforcement action against a plan or issuer that submits the required information for 2020 and 2021 by December 27, 2022. OPM also will allow its FEHB carriers to report information for 2020 and 2021 by December 27, 2022.
The Departments anticipate releasing their first report in June 2023 and biennially thereafter.
Along with publishing the rules, the Department invited public comments on its provisions. Comments on this IFC are due at 5 p.m. on January 24, 2022.
The Departments say additional information on prescription drug rebates, fees, and other remunerations paid by drug manufacturers to plans, issuers, and pharmacy benefit managers—including the top 25 drugs generating the highest rebate amounts—will help the Departments understand and report on prescription drug costs, and how they fluctuate over time.
In addition to preparing to meet the requirements in today’s rules, plans and insurers also need to prepare to comply with two earlier interim final rules (published on July 13, 2021and October 7, 2021, respectively) and a notice of proposed rulemaking (published on September 16, 2021).
We hope this update is helpful. For more information about these or other health or other legal, management or public policy developments, please contact the author Cynthia Marcotte Stamer via e-mail or via telephone at (214) 452 -8297.
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About the Author
Recognized by her peers as a Martindale-Hubble “AV-Preeminent” (Top 1%) and “Top Rated Lawyer” with special recognition LexisNexis® Martindale-Hubbell® as “LEGAL LEADER™ Texas Top Rated Lawyer” in Health Care Law and Labor and Employment Law; as among the “Best Lawyers In Dallas” for her work in the fields of “Labor & Employment,” “Tax: ERISA & Employee Benefits,” “Health Care” and “Business and Commercial Law” by D Magazine, Cynthia Marcotte Stamer is a practicing attorney board certified in labor and employment law by the Texas Board of Legal Specialization and management consultant, author, public policy advocate and lecturer widely known for 30+ years of health industry and other management work, public policy leadership and advocacy, coaching, teachings, and publications. As a significant part of her work, Ms. Stamer has worked extensively on pandemic, business and other crisis planning, preparedness and response for more than 30 years.
Scribe for the ABA JCEB Annual Agency Meeting with HHS-OCR, Vice Chair of the ABA International Section Life Sciences Committee, past Chair of the ABA Health Law Section Managed Care & Insurance Interest Group and the ABA RPTE Employee Benefits & Other Compensation Group, Ms. Stamer is most widely recognized for her decades of pragmatic, leading edge work, scholarship and thought leadership on health and other privacy and data security and other health industry legal, public policy and operational concerns. Ms. Stamer’s work throughout her 30 plus year career has focused heavily on working with health care and managed care, health and other employee benefit plan, insurance and financial services and other public and private organizations and their technology, data, and other service providers and advisors domestically and internationally with legal and operational compliance and risk management, performance and workforce management, regulatory and public policy and other legal and operational concerns. As a part of this work, she has continuously and extensively worked with domestic and international health plans, their sponsors, fiduciaries, administrators, and insurers; managed care and insurance organizations; hospitals, health care systems, clinics, skilled nursing, long term care, rehabilitation and other health care providers and facilities; medical staff, accreditation, peer review and quality committees and organizations; billing, utilization management, management services organizations, group purchasing organizations; pharmaceutical, pharmacy, and prescription benefit management and organizations; consultants; investors; EHR, claims, payroll and other technology, billing and reimbursement and other services and product vendors; products and solutions consultants and developers; investors; managed care organizations, self-insured health and other employee benefit plans, their sponsors, fiduciaries, administrators and service providers, insurers and other payers, health industry advocacy and other service providers and groups and other health and managed care industry clients as well as federal and state legislative, regulatory, investigatory and enforcement bodies and agencies.
This involvement encompasses helping health care systems and organizations, group and individual health care providers, health plans and insurers, health IT, life sciences and other health industry clients prevent, investigate, manage and resolve sexual assault, abuse, harassment and other organizational, provider and employee misconduct and other performance and behavior; manage Section 1557, Civil Rights Act and other discrimination and accommodation, and other regulatory, contractual and other compliance; vendors and suppliers; contracting and other terms of participation, medical billing, reimbursement, claims administration and coordination, Medicare, Medicaid, CHIP, Medicare/Medicaid Advantage, ERISA and other payers and other provider-payer relations, contracting, compliance and enforcement; Form 990 and other nonprofit and tax-exemption; fundraising, investors, joint venture, and other business partners; quality and other performance measurement, management, discipline and reporting; physician and other workforce recruiting, performance management, peer review and other investigations and discipline, wage and hour, payroll, gain-sharing and other pay-for performance and other compensation, training, outsourcing and other human resources and workforce matters; board, medical staff and other governance; strategic planning, process and quality improvement; meaningful use, EHR, HIPAA and other technology, data security and breach and other health IT and data; STARK, ant kickback, insurance, and other fraud prevention, investigation, defense and enforcement; audits, investigations, and enforcement actions; trade secrets and other intellectual property; crisis preparedness and response; internal, government and third-party licensure, credentialing, accreditation, HCQIA and other peer review and quality reporting, audits, investigations, enforcement and defense; patient relations and care; internal controls and regulatory compliance; payer-provider, provider-provider, vendor, patient, governmental and community relations; facilities, practice, products and other sales, mergers, acquisitions and other business and commercial transactions; government procurement and contracting; grants; tax-exemption and not-for-profit; privacy and data security; training; risk and change management; regulatory affairs and public policy; process, product and service improvement, development and innovation, and other legal and operational compliance and risk management, government and regulatory affairs and operations concerns. to establish, administer and defend workforce and staffing, quality, and other compliance, risk management and operational practices, policies and actions; comply with requirements; investigate and respond to Board of Medicine, Health, Nursing, Pharmacy, Chiropractic, and other licensing agencies, Department of Aging & Disability, FDA, Drug Enforcement Agency, OCR Privacy and Civil Rights, Department of Labor, IRS, HHS, DOD, FTC, SEC, CDC and other public health, Department of Justice and state attorneys’ general and other federal and state agencies; JCHO and other accreditation and quality organizations; private litigation and other federal and state health care industry actions: regulatory and public policy advocacy; training and discipline; enforcement; and other strategic and operational concerns.
The American Bar Association (ABA) International Section Life Sciences Committee Vice Chair, a Scribe for the ABA Joint Committee on Employee Benefits (JCEB) Annual OCR Agency Meeting and a former Council Representative, Past Chair of the ABA Managed Care & Insurance Interest Group, former Vice President and Executive Director of the North Texas Health Care Compliance Professionals Association, past Board President of Richardson Development Center (now Warren Center) for Children Early Childhood Intervention Agency, past North Texas United Way Long Range Planning Committee Member, and past Board Member and Compliance Chair of the National Kidney Foundation of North Texas, and a Fellow in the American College of Employee Benefit Counsel, the American Bar Foundation and the Texas Bar Foundation, Ms. Stamer also shares her extensive publications and thought leadership as well as leadership involvement in a broad range of other professional and civic organizations. These include hundreds of highly regarded articles and workshops on health and other benefits, workforce, health care and insurance concerns.
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