IRS Qualified Plan Correction Procedures Changing 1/1/17

October 13, 2016

Employers and other plan sponsors of tax-qualified 401(k) and other defined contribution or defined benefit plans (retirement plans) and others working to avoid plan disqualification by correcting plan documentation, administration or other problems that otherwise could disqualify their program for tax qualified treatment under the Internal Revenue Code (Code) under the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Employee Plans Compliance Resolution System (EPCRS) or the Audit Closing Agreement Program (Audit CAP) modified rules beginning January 1, 2017, under changes announced by the IRS in Revenue Procedure 2016-51 on September 29, 2016.

The EPCRS and Audit CAP programs are two IRS correction programs commonly used to preserve the tax qualified status of a retirement plan affected by plan documentation, administration or other deficiencies that otherwise would result in the plan ceasing to qualify as a tax retirement plan under the Code.  The EPCRS program generally is available to correct and resolve certain qualification concerns not eligible for self-correction that retirement plan sponsors or plans self-identify and disclose to the IRS in accordance with the EPCRS correction procedures,  In contrast, the Audit CAP program provides an avenue that may provide a pathway for a plan sponsor of a retirement plan with significant problems in its compliance with the Code’s qualification requirements that are discovered by the IRS on audit or during the determination letter application process to preserve the tax benefits associated with maintaining a retirement plan in compliance with the Code’s tax qualification requirements by entering into a Closing Agreement pursuant to which the problems are corrected and paying a reasonable sanction to the IRS based directly on the amount of tax benefits preserved and the nature, extent and severity of the failure, taking into account the extent to which correction occurred before audit.

Key changes to the EPCRS correction procedures scheduled to take effect on January 1, 2017 under Revenue Procedure 2016-51 include the following:

  • The IRS no longer will permit determination letter applications when applying the correction programs under EPCRS;
  • The requirement for a plan sponsor to submit a determination letter application to the IRS when correcting qualification failures that include a plan amendment no longer will apply; and
  • Fees associated with the Voluntary Correction Program (VCP) after December 31, 2017 will be user fees and no longer set forth in the EPCRS revenue procedure. For VCP submissions made in 2016, refer to Proc. 2016-8 and Rev. Proc. 2013-12 to determine the applicable user fee and after 2016, refer to the annual Employee Plans user fees revenue procedure to determine VCP user fees for that year. Availability of Self-Correction Program (SCP) for significant failures has been modified to provide that, for qualified individually designed plans, a determination letter need not be current to satisfy the Favorable Letter requirement

In addition to its announcements of changes to the EPCRS correction program Revenue Procedures 2016-51 also announces various modifications to the Audit CAP program, including:

  • A revised approach to determining Audit CAP sanctions under which
    • Sanctions, generally, will not be less than the fees associated with voluntary compliance under the EPCRS program;
    • The required reasonable sanction will no longer be a negotiated percentage of the maximum payment amount (MPA). Instead, auditors will review facts and circumstances and the MPA amount is simply one factor to consider. In addition, there are revised, additional factors that IRS considers;
    • New factors used in determining sanctions for late amender failures will apply;
    • For late amender failures discovered by the IRS, while reviewing a determination letter application, a new approach to determining the applicable sanction will apply;
    • The IRS will not provide partial refunds for certain Anonymous Submissions

Beyond specific modifications to the EPCRS and Audit CAP procedures, Revenue Procedures 2016-51 also:

  • Updates citations and cross-references for several items previously contained in Rev. Proc. 2013-12; and
  • Invites public comments on recovery of overpayments and on expanding EPCRS correction rules to provide additional guidance on the recovery or recoupment of overpayments.

Revenue Procedures 2016-51 is effective January 1, 2017. Plan sponsors may not elect to apply provisions before January 1, 2017. Rev. Proc. 2013-12, as modified by Rev. Proc. 2015-27 and Rev. Proc. 2015-28, are in effect for 2016.  When Revenue Procedure 2016-51 takes effect on January 1, 2017:

  • Proc. 2013-12 no longer applies as of January 1, 2017; and
  • Provisions of Rev. Proc. 2015-27 and Rev. Proc. 2015-28 concerning EPCRS and other older revenue procedures will no longer apply.

About The Author

Cynthia Marcotte Stamer is a noted Texas-based management lawyer and consultant, author, lecture and policy advocate, recognized for her nearly 30-years of cutting edge management work as among the “Top Rated Labor & Employment Lawyers in Texas” by LexisNexis® Martindale-Hubbell® and as among the “Best Lawyers In Dallas” for her work in the field of  “Labor & Employment,”“Tax: Erisa & Employee Benefits,” “Health Care” and “Business and Commercial Law” by D Magazine.

Board Certified in Labor & Employment Law by the Texas Board of Legal Specialization, a Fellow in the American College of Employee Benefit Counsel, past Group Chair and current Defined Contribution Plans Committee Co-Chair, Groups and Substantive Committee and Membership Committee Members, past Welfare Plans Committee Chair and Co-Chair, and former Fiduciary Responsibility Vice Chair of the American Bar Association (ABA) RPTE Section Employee Benefits Group, Vice Chair of the ABA Tort & Insurance Practice Section Employee Benefits Committee, current ABA International Section Life Sciences Committee Vice Chair, past Chair of the ABA Health Law Section Managed Care & Insurance Interest Group, former ABA Joint Committee on Employee Benefits Council Representative and Marketing Committee Chair and a prolific author and highly popular speaker and consultant, Ms. Stamer helps management manage.

Ms. Stamer’s legal and management consulting work throughout her nearly 30-year career has focused on helping organizations and their management use the law and process to manage people, process, compliance, operations and risk. Highly valued for her rare ability to find pragmatic client-centric solutions by combining her detailed legal and operational knowledge and experience with her talent for creative problem-solving, Ms. Stamer helps public and private, domestic and international businesses, governments, and other organizations and their leaders manage their employees, vendors and suppliers, and other workforce members, customers and other’ performance, compliance, compensation and benefits, operations, risks and liabilities, as well as to prevent, stabilize and cleanup workforce and other legal and operational crises large and small that arise in the course of operations.

Ms. Stamer works with businesses and their management, employee benefit plans, governments and other organizations deal with all aspects of human resources and workforce, internal controls and regulatory compliance, change management and other performance and operations management and compliance. She supports her clients both on a real time, “on demand” basis and with longer term basis to deal with daily performance management and operations, emerging crises, strategic planning, process improvement and change management, investigations, defending litigation, audits, investigations or other enforcement challenges, government affairs and public policy.

For additional information about this topic or  Ms. Stamer, see CynthiaStamer.com or contact Ms. Stamer via email here or via telephone to (469) 767-8872.

About Solutions Law Press, Inc.™

Solutions Law Press, Inc.™ provides human resources and employee benefit and other business risk management, legal compliance, management effectiveness and other coaching, tools and other resources, training and education on leadership, governance, human resources, employee benefits, data security and privacy, insurance, health care and other key compliance, risk management, internal control and operational concerns. If you find this of interest, you also be interested reviewing some of our other Solutions Law Press, Inc.™ resources at http://www.Solutionslawpress.com.

If you or someone else you know would like to receive future updates about developments on these and other concerns, please be sure that we have your current contact information including your preferred e-mail by creating or updating your profile here. ©2016 Cynthia Marcotte Stamer. Non-exclusive right to republish granted to Solutions Law Press, Inc.™. All other rights reserved.


IRS Gives Temporary Nondiscrimination Relief For Closed Defined Benefit Plans

January 20, 2014

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) recently granted temporary nondiscrimination relief for certain “closed” defined benefit pension plans (i.e., defined benefit plans that provide ongoing accruals but that have been amended to limit those accruals to some or all of the employees who participated in the plan on a specified date).

Notice 2014-05 allows certain employers that sponsor a closed defined benefit plan and a defined contribution plan to show that the aggregated plans comply with the nondiscrimination requirements of Internal Revenue Code Section 401(a)(4) on the basis of equivalent benefits, even if the aggregated plans do not satisfy the current conditions for testing on that basis.  The Notice also requests comments on possible permanent changes to the nondiscrimination rules under Internal Revenue Code Section 401(a)(4).

Notice 2014-was published in Internal Revenue Bulletin 2014-2 on January 6, 2014

For Representation, Training & Other Resources

If you need assistance monitoring these and other regulatory policy, enforcement, litigation or other developments, or to review or respond to these or other workforce, benefits and compensation, performance and risk management, compliance, enforcement or management concerns, the author of this update, attorney Cynthia Marcotte Stamer may be able to help.

Board Certified in Labor & Employment Law, Past Chair of the ABA RPTE Employee Benefit & Other Compensation Arrangements Group, Co-Chair and Past Chair of the ABA RPTE Welfare Plan Committee, Vice Chair of the ABA TIPS Employee Benefit Plans Committee, Vice President of the North Texas Health Care Compliance Professionals Association, Past Chair of the ABA Health Law Section Managed Care & Insurance Section and the former Board Compliance Chair of the National Kidney Foundation of North Texas, Ms. Stamer has more than 24 years experience advising health plan and employee benefit, insurance, financial services, employer and health industry clients about these and other matters. Ms. Stamer has extensive experience advising and assisting health care providers, health plans, their business associates and other health industry clients to establish and administer medical privacy and other compliance and risk management policies, to health care industry investigation, enforcement and other compliance, public policy, regulatory, staffing, and other operations and risk management concerns. She regularly designs and presents HIPAA and other risk management, compliance and other training for health plans, employers, health care providers, professional associations and others.

For the past two years, Ms. Stamer has served as the  scribe for the ABA Joint Committee on Employee Benefits agency meeting with OCR.   Ms. Stamer also regularly works with OCR, FTC, USSS, FBI and state and local law enforcement on privacy, data security, health care, benefits and insurance and other matters, publishes and speaks extensively on medical and other privacy and data security, health and managed care industry regulatory, staffing and human resources, compensation and benefits, technology, public policy, reimbursement and other operations and risk management concerns. Her publications and insights appear in the Health Care Compliance Association, Atlantic Information Service, Bureau of National Affairs, World At Work, The Wall Street Journal, Business Insurance, the Dallas Morning News, Modern Health Care, Managed Healthcare, Health Leaders, and a many other national and local publications. For instance, Ms. Stamer for the second year will serve as the appointed scribe for the ABA Joint Committee on Employee Benefits Agency meeting with OCR. Her insights on HIPAA risk management and compliance often appear in medical privacy related publications of a broad range of health care, health plan and other industry publications Among others, she has conducted privacy training for the Association of State & Territorial Health Plans (ASTHO), the Los Angeles Health Department, the American Bar Association, the Health Care Compliance Association, a multitude of health industry, health plan, insurance and financial services, education, employer employee benefit and other clients, trade and professional associations and others.  You can get more information about her HIPAA and other experience here.

If you need assistance with these or other compliance concerns, wish to ask about arranging for compliance audit or training, or need legal representation on other matters please contact Ms. Stamer at (469) 767-8872 or via e-mail here.

You can review other recent publications and resources and additional information about the other experience of Ms. Stamer here. Examples of some recent publications that may be of interest include:

If you or someone else you know would like to receive future updates about developments on these and other concerns, please be sure that we have your current contact information including your preferred e-mail by creating or updating your profile here. For important information concerning this communication click here.

©2013 Cynthia Marcotte Stamer.  Non-exclusive right to republish granted to Solutions Law Press, Inc.   All rights reserved.


Recap of IRS Employee Plans 2011 1st Quarter Guidance

April 10, 2011

Keeping on top of the employee plan guidance published by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and other relevant agencies can be critical to efforts of plan sponsors, fiduciaries, administrators and other service provider’s ability to anticipate plan design or other actions needed to maintain compliance or manage other concerns.  The following is a recap of the more significant the IRS Employee Plan guidance published by the IRS between January 1 and March 31, 2011. 

  • Notice 2011-33, 2011-19 I.R.B.Updates for the corporate bond weighted average interest rate for plan years beginning in April 2011; the 24-month average segment rates; the funding transitional segment rates applicable for April 2011; and the minimum present value transitional rates for March 2011.
  • Notice 2011-22, 2011-12 I.R.B. 557Updates for the corporate bond weighted average interest rate for plan years beginning in March 2011; the 24-month average segment rates; the funding transitional segment rates applicable for March 2011; and the minimum present value transitional rates for February 2011.
  • Announcement 2011-21, 2011-12 I.R.B. 567This announcement designates Form 8955-SSA, Annual Registration Statement Identifying Separated Participants With Deferred Vested Benefits, as the form to be used to satisfy the reporting requirements of §6057(a) of the Code for plan years beginning on or after January 1, 2009, and sets forth the due dates for filing the form for the 2009 plan year and subsequent plan years. .
  • Notice 2011-19, 2011-11 I.R.B. 550: This notice provides guidance regarding when securities of the employer are readily tradable on an established securities market or readily tradable on an established market for purposes of certain provisions of the Internal Revenue Code relating to employer securities held by certain qualified retirement plans. .
  • Announcement 2011-16, 2011-7 IRB 500This announcement corrects a typographical error in Rev. Rul. 2011-3.
  • Rev. Rul 2011-7, 2011-10 I.R.B.This revenue ruling provides guidance clarifying how the section 403(b) plan termination provisions apply. .
  • Announcement 2011-8, 2011-5 IRB 446This announcement corrects an error in Rev. Proc. 2011-8 in the user fee schedule that applies to a non-mass submitter of a master or prototype (M&P) plan.
  • Notice 2011-13, 2011-9 I.R.B. 529Updates for the corporate bond weighted average interest rate for plan years beginning in February 2011; the 24-month average segment rates; the funding transitional segment rates applicable for February 2011; and the minimum present value transitional rates for January 2011.
  • Notice 2011-7, 2011-5 I.R.B. 437Updates for the corporate bond weighted average interest rate for plan years beginning in January 2011; the 24-month average segment rates; the funding transitional segment rates applicable for January 2011; and the minimum present value transitional rates for December 2010.
  • Notice 2011-3, 2011-2 IRB 263The notice provides guidance on the special rules relating to funding relief for single-employer defined benefit pension plans (including multiple employer defined benefit pension plans) under the Preservation of Access to Care for Medicare. Beneficiaries and Pension Relief Act of 2010 (PRA 2010), Pub. L. No. 111-192.
  • Rev. Rul. 2011-3, 2011-4 I.R.B. 326The covered compensation tables under Code §401 for the year 2011 are provided to determine contributions to defined benefit plans and permitted disparity.
  • Rev. Proc. 2011-4, 2011-1 I.R.B. 123Annual EP/EO revenue procedure on letter rulings.
  • Rev. Proc. 2011-5, 2011-1 I.R.B. 167Annual EP/EO revenue procedure on technical advice.
  • Rev. Proc. 2011-6, 2011-1 I.R.B. 195Annual EP determination letter revenue procedure.
  • Rev. Proc. 2011-8, 2011-1 I.R.B. 237Annual EP/EO revenue procedure on user fees.

For Help With These Or Other Risk Management Matters

If you need assistance in accessing, assessing or auditing,  updating or defending your employee benefit or compensation arrangements and practices in response to this recent guidance or with other labor and employment, employee benefit, compensation or internal controls practices, please contact the author of this update, attorney Cynthia Marcotte Stamer here or at (469)767-8872.

Board Certified in Labor & Employment Law by the Texas Board of Legal Specialization, management attorney and consultant Ms. Stamer is nationally and internationally recognized for more than 23 years of work helping employers; employee benefit plans and their sponsors, administrators, fiduciaries; employee leasing, recruiting, staffing and other professional employment organizations; and others design, administer and defend innovative workforce, compensation, employee benefit  and management policies and practices. Her experience includes extensive work helping employers implement, audit, manage and defend wage and hour and other workforce and internal controls policies, procedures and actions.  The Chair of the American Bar Association (ABA) RPTE Employee Benefits & Other Compensation Committee, a Council Representative on the ABA Joint Committee on Employee Benefits, Government Affairs Committee Legislative Chair for the Dallas Human Resources Management Association, and past Chair of the ABA Health Law Section Managed Care & Insurance Interest Group, Ms. Stamer works, publishes and speaks extensively on wage and hour, worker classification and other human resources and workforce, employee benefits, compensation, internal controls and related matters.  She also is recognized for her publications, industry leadership, workshops and presentations on these and other human resources concerns and regularly speaks and conducts training on these matters. Her insights on these and other matters appear in the Bureau of National Affairs, Spencer Publications, the Wall Street Journal, the Dallas Business Journal, the Houston Business Journal, and many other national and local publications. For additional information about Ms. Stamer and her experience or to access other publications by Ms. Stamer see here or contact Ms. Stamer directly.

About Solutions Law Press

Solutions Law Press™ provides business risk management, legal compliance, management effectiveness and other resources, training and education on human resources, employee benefits, data security and privacy, insurance, health care and other key compliance, risk management, internal controls and operational concerns. If you find this of interest, you also be interested reviewing some of our other Solutions Law Press resources including:

If you or someone else you know would like to receive future updates about developments on these and other concerns, please be sure that we have your current contact information – including your preferred e-mail – by creating or updating your profile at here or e-mailing this information here.

©2011 Cynthia Marcotte Stamer.  Non-exclusive right to republish granted to Solutions Law Press.  All other rights reserved.